The Armenian Genocide refers to the mass killings of Armenians in Turkey, one of the worst events in the Caucasus during 1915. An estimated 1.5-2 million people were killed, deported or starved. Almost two million Armenians were living across the frontiers of the Ottoman Empire in the Caucasus area before that it had been under Russian rule for a century.
In the following decade, a secret society named the Union for Emancipation was formed, with the ultimate goal of liberating the Erkir [lit. the Land] and the Armenian people -- in Western and Cilician Armenias -- from the bonds of Turkish tyranny. The Turkish answer to the Armenian outcry for human decency and freedom -- Initiating one of the most horrendous and barbarous acts in human history -- the first genocide of the XXth century -- 1915 - 1923, the Armenian Genocide, which took the lives of nearly 1,500,000 men, women and children. Waiting for the "right time" to execute "the final solution" of the Armenian Question -- the cloak of the World War, served as the gruesome backdrop for the implementation of the pre-planned and systematically executed policy of the annihilation of the Armenian people throughout the Ottoman Empire and beyond. The criminal regime that ruled Turkey during the war years called itself the "Young Turks." One of the other euphemistic names that the criminals who masterminded the first genocide of modern history was -- "The Committee of Union and Progress" [CUP]. Adopting the racist policy of "Pan-Turkism" - a "Turan from Europe to Siberia" as the criminals dreamed of, the plan of "extermination of a whole race," and a "murder of a nation," [the word genocide was not coined yet -- as there was no such occurrence prior to the Armenian Genocide - when the government of a "modern state" implements such a program of an annihilation of a whole nation -- the word genocide was in fact invented by Raphael Lemkin, a Polish lawyer who noted that the best example of the genocide in modern history is the Armenian Genocide -- the first genocide of the twentieth century] as Henry Morgenthau Sr., the eyewitness U.S. Ambassador of the time [1913-16] had wrote when he alarmed the world that "the greatest crime in human history is taking place." The plan of complete annihilation consisted of two phases. The first period was planned to eradicate the Armenian population of Western Armenia [including Cilicia] and other parts of the Ottoman Empire, through the means of massacres, rapes, forced starvation, and long death marches of hundreds of miles through the scorching Syrian deserts to a certain death.
|“|| “I am confident that the whole history of the human race con-|
tains no such horrible episode as this. The great massacres
and persecutions of the past seem almost insignificant when
compared with the sufferings of the Armenian race in 1915.”
Henry Morgenthau, American ambassador to the Ottoman