The Armenian Highland (also known as the Armenian Upland or Armenian Plateau) is part of the Transcaucasian Highland and constitutes the continuation of the Caucasus mountains, also referred as eastern Armenia. Most of the Armenian Highland is in Turkey, with some part in Iran. Almost all of Armenia is within the Armenian Highland. The Armenian Upland also extends into western parts of Azerbaijan.

Its total area is about 400,000 km². The highest point is Mount Ararat, 5,165 metres (16,945 ft). It is a mixture of lava plateaus, volcanic cones, and fault-fold ranges featuring mountain steppes and semi-deserts. There are a number of lakes in tectonic depressions (Lake Sevan, Lake Van, Lake Urmia). The name "Armenian Highland" is not used by the neighboring countries of Armenia for political and historical reasons. In Turkey, the term Eastern Anatolia Region (Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi) is now generally used.

The apricot is native to China and spread to Europe through the Armenia Highlands. It came to be known throughout the ancient world as the Armenian fruit. Its botanical name Prunus armeniaca, derives from the Latin vernacular for apricot, armeniacum, which some scholars have linked to its Akkadian name armanu.

The Armenian Plateau was the "epicenter of the Iron Age".

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